Explains the deceased and missing persons' recognition procedures. The different ways to taking impressions of the deceased are described. Some everyday cases are illustrated. Search procedures are also described, both in ordinary cases and in mass disaster fatalities. The issue of the lack of complete database (large scale database) for finding the prints of unknown bodies is discussed.
Explains the rare attempts to counterfeit fingerprints. It lists the various attempts to prevent recognition (i.e., by sharp or pointed tools, by abrasions, by burns, by caustic substances), attempts using fake prints (i.e., to illegally gain a false registration instead of the real user through a fabricated fingertip) and attempts using forged prints (i.e., to “sow” traces to frame someone) even if they are extremely rare and almost always immediately discovered.
Explains biometric recognition. Processes and main applications are discussed. Immigration and cross-border service applications are also included and some examples are provided (i.e., passports, visas). It also explains specific control systems based on fingerprint recognition which rely on this matter (i.e., the UE Eurodac fingerprint database). The improvement of cooperation between different countries, for a more effective fight against international crime, also depends on the use of biometric fingerprinting. Finally, it is suggested that a civilian fingerprint extension be implemented through biometric recognition.
Briefly explains the most common relationships between dactyloscopy and archaeology (i.e., studies of impressions placed on the ancient artifacts).
Briefly explains the most common relationships between dactyloscopy and anthropology (i.e., the older studies on variations or inheritability of pattern types or the observation of the preserved impressions of ancient mummies).